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What are Healthcare-Associated Infections and their Common Types?

Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) are infections that people usually catch while receiving medical treatment for another health condition in hospitals. HAIs can develop in any healthcare facility from where one receives various medical services and have a high conceivability of pathogens entering their body. HAIs are notorious for causing illness and death in patients and along with that, they play a significant role in having serious consequences towards emotional, medical, and financial aspects of a patient. HAIs could be caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Statistics have shown that – about 10 patients in every 100 admitted patients have an infection related to hospital care. These infections lead to thousandfold deaths and globally cost the healthcare system billions of spent each year.

Modern healthcare furnished numerous invasive devices and procedures to treat patients and to help them recover. The devices are usually used in aiding a bedridden patient for different purposes including urination, breathing or even administering drugs. Many of these medical devices puncture the body and are inserted into a patient’s body. Since these medical devices are half inserted into patients body, there is no way/ method for their cleaning once inside a patient’s body. On one hand, where these devices play an important role in aiding a patient, they can also be instrumental in causing HAIs.

These HAIs include Central line-associated Bloodstream Infections, Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections, Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, Surgical Site Infections, etc.

Types of Healthcare-Associated Infection

Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI)

An infection encompassing any part of the urinary system, namely – urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidney, falls under UTI (Urinary Tract Infection). It is one of the most common types of healthcare-associated infection as per the medical reports.

Nearly 75-80% of UTI cases, acquired in hospitals are associated with a urinary catheter – where a tube is inserted into the bladder through the urethra to clear out the urine.

In estimation, around 25% of hospitalized patients receive urinary catheters during their stay in hospital. The most important imminence for developing a catheter-associated UTI is lengthening use of the urinary catheter.

Due to rising cases of CAUTI, an antimicrobial medical device - SilvoGuard® Antimicrobial Foley Catheter has been designed by Weinnovate Biosolutions. These antimicrobial catheters are formulated with a patented, broad-spectrum antimicrobial solution – NanoAgCideTM with active silver nanoparticles that help in preventing HAI and kill a broad spectrum of bacteria that comes in contact or close vicinity of the catheter. Hence, SilvoGuard ® is a medical device that eases catheter-related pain, giving a good level of comfort to the patients.

Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI)

Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) out-turn with thousands of deaths each year and a large sum of money in added costs to the healthcare system, yet these infections are preventable.

Surgical Site Infection (SSI)

An infection that occurs after surgery in the body part where the surgery was done is a surgical site infection. SSI can sometimes take place on the outermost part involving the infection of skin only. There are other surgical site infections that are more serious compared to others and can entail tissues under the skin or implanted material.

Ventilator-associated Pneumonia (VAP)

When a lung infection is developed in a person who is on a ventilator, then that infection is entitled ventilator-associated pneumonia. When any patient faces difficulty in breathing then a ventilator is utilized as a temporary means to provide oxygen to the brain and body of that patient.

An infection of VAP may occur if any germs are infiltrating through the tube and set their foot into the lungs of the patient.

Comprehending that, Weinnovate Biosolutions aims to equip healthcare individuals and institutions with antimicrobial medical devices to help eliminate surgical site infections. Weinnovate Biosolutions understands the importance of educating society in understanding these infections and taking requisite measures to guard their health.

Click here to know more about Weinnovate Biosolutions and their work in infection prevention.

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